Types of Red Wine

All types of red wine are made by growing and processing red (or black) grapes. The wine that is the end result will vary greatly, depending not only upon the type of grape grown, but several other factors. These factors include in which country and region the grapes are grown, how the climate, temperature, rain amount, and soil conditions affect the grapes during their growing season, and how each individual wine maker treats the grapes once they are harvested (picked).


  • Merlot - If you are not sure whether you like red wine, let aside what type of red wine, Merlot is a safe bet! This type of wine is very soft, with a mild mix of plum and blackberry flavors. All you need to do is add a box of delicious chocolates, and you got yourself the perfect mix! In terms of food, Merlot pairs well with just about any dish, especially with deserts.

  • Shiraz - Shiraz, also known as Syrah, is a delicious red wine, with spicy flavors of blackcurrant and black pepper. A glass of Shiraz is a great accompaniment for meat dishes

  • Cabernet Sauvignon - This sophisticated French wine is a mix of Cabernet Franc and Merlot, with a full-bodied taste of currant and bell pepper. It is one of the most famous types of wines in the world, especially among the French, Australians, Californians, and Chileans. Cabernet Sauvignon pairs perfectly with meat dishes.

  • Barbera (bar-BEHR-uh) - Grown most successfully in Italy's Piedmont region, Barbera is quite acidic with full body and light tannins. It is commonly used as a blending wine.

  • "Cabernet Franc (cab-er-NAY FRANK) - Cabernet Franc is more often blended with other grapes than bottled by itself. Cabernet Franc is light to medium bodied and sometimes made into a wine called Chinon. It is most impressively grown in France’s Loire (luWAR) Valley, although it is usually overshadowed by the more popular Cabernet Sauvignon"

  • Cabernet Sauvignon (cab-er-NAY SO-vin-yon) - Cabernet Sauvignon can be found in many of the wine regions mentioned above. In the Bordeaux region of France, it is considered the king of grapes. It is, in fact, the primary grape that makes fine Bordeaux wines. Cabernet Sauvignon can age well for decades.

  • Dolcetto (dole-CHET-to) - Dolcetto is another grape grown almost exclusively in the Piedmont region of Italy. It produces fruity wines with aromas and flavors of licorice and almonds

  • Gamay (ga-MAY) - Gamay is what the wines from the Beaujolais region of France are made of. Even though two “Gamay” wines are produced in California, they are not true Gamay and their quality does not come close to their French cousins.

  • Grenache (greh-NAHSH) (greh-NACH-a in Spain) - Grenache is grown in Spain and California, but most notably in the southern Rhone valley of France. It is a very drinkable wine and in the past was used in several red and rose jug wines in California

  • Malbec (MAHL-beck) - Malbec has always been the grape of Argentina where it thrives in their hot, dry summers. It is now also an important grape in Bordeaux and the Loire Valley of France.

  • Merlot (mur-LO) - Merlot has become very popular and much more distinct in the past years. It is one of the more drinkable types of red wine with its low acidity and mellow softness. Merlot is grown widely in many of the regions mentioned above and can be blended, particularly with Cabernet, or stand alone. Merlot has rich flavors of blackberry, plum and cherry.Merlot is grown widely in many of the regions mentioned above and can be blended, particularly with Cabernet, or stand alone. Merlot has rich flavors of blackberry, plum and cherry.

  • Mourvedre (moo-VED-ra) - Mourvedre is a blending grape originally from the Rhone region of France. It is now also common and popular in California and other United States.

  • Nebbiolo (NEH-bee-oh-low) - Nebbiolo is another of the types of red wine grape from Piedmont, Italy and is responsible for many of Italy’s finest red wines. Nebbiolo tends to be light and quite dry with high acidity, so it does well with considerable aging.

  • Pinot Noir (PEE-no NWA) - Pinot Noir is a difficult grape to grow, but yields an exceptional wine with great complexity when conditions are correct. It is grown in the Burgundy region of France, in Oregon and in the cooler regions of California.

  • Sangiovese (san-geeo-VEHS-eh) - Sangiovese is the signature red wine grape of the Tuscany and Chianti regions, and is still produced primarily in Italy.

  • Syrah or Shiraz (sih-RAH or shih-RAHZ) - Known as Shiraz in Australia and South Africa and as Syrah in California and France, this wine has low to moderate acidity making it very drinkable. Shiraz/Syrah exhibits wonderful flavors of spice and fruit.

  • Tempranillo (temp-rah-NEE-yo) - Grown originally in the Rioja region of Spain, Tempranillo is a full bodied red and is often blended with Grenache.

  • Zinfandel (ZIHN-fan-dell) - Zinfandel wine is most always grown in California, where unlike other red wine grapes, it thrives in the heat and sunshine. It has low to moderate acidity and medium to full body with jammy, spicy flavors.




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